Pharmacologic Pain Management

The physicians and specialists at Pain Modulation Associates may recommend a pharmacologic treatment strategy in order to provide qualifying individuals with relief from acute and chronic pain conditions. By working closely with referring healthcare providers, our specialists of pain management review, create, and monitor pain medication plans that are designed specifically for the unique needs of our individual patients. Whether utilized as a primary treatment technique or as a complement to another treatment plan, such as interventional pain procedures, pharmacologic actions are intended as a means to reduce the intensity and/or frequency of the patient’s pain.

Pain Management Medications

From prescription medications to over-the-counter products, there are a variety of medications available to patients suffering from acute or chronic pain conditions. To determine the most appropriate pharmacologic approach, Pain Modulation Associate’s board-certified physicians will examine and evaluate the source, intensity, and duration of the patient’s pain. Following evaluation, one or a combination of the medication types outlined below may be prescribed or recommended for short- or long-term pain relief, depending on each patient’s individual needs:

Type of MedicationIndication
Narcotics (Opioids)/Analgesics Opioid analgesics are typically prescribed for severe cases of acute pain, like that of post-operative pain, or cancer pain. However, in certain cases, it may be prescribed for instances of chronic pain.
Muscle Relaxants Muscle relaxants are prescribed to reduce spasms and cramping of the muscles.
Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) Appropriate for instances of mild to moderate pain, NSAIDs reduce inflammation.
ZILRETTA® ZILRETTA® is an extended-release corticosteroid used to manage osteoarthritis knee pain.
Selective Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs) SNRIs are prescribed to improve pain, reduce depression and fatigue.
Tricyclic Antidepressants Tricyclic antidepressants are utilized to treat pain caused by nerve irritation or nerve damage.
Anticonvulsants Anticonvulsant medications such as gabapentin and pregabalin are used to treat neuropathic pain and chronic pain syndromes.

Pain Modulation Associates requires a complete list of each patient’s current medications, including vitamins and herbal supplements, as well as of any known drug allergies, in order to prevent harmful drug interactions, whether common or rare. Some medications listed in the chart above may be used in conjunction with other medications and supplements, while others may not. Our management of polypharmacy, also known as the administration of various drugs together, will ensure that the treatment is appropriate for both you and your pain condition. While pharmacologic pain management may prove effective in reducing or eliminating discomfort, it is imperative to note that there may be risks associated with prescription and over-the-counter pain medications, including side effects and addition. Our caring staff members will gladly discuss this matter in detail prior to medical pain management administration, along with any additional questions or concerns you may have prior to starting your treatment plan.

For additional information regarding pharmacologic pain management for both acute and chronic pain relief, contact Pain Modulation Associates today.



Services We Offer

Alleviating Pain. Restoring Quality of Life.

If you live in or around Boston's North Shore and Cape Ann and suffer from a pain condition,
speak with your primary healthcare provider about Pain Modulation Associates.

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